Daily dental and oral care is an important part of dental health. How to properly brush teeth for adults and children, what additional hygiene products do dentists recommend using? We will talk about this in the article.

How long should I brush my teeth?
Which brush should you use?
Which paste to choose?
We brush our teeth with a regular brush correctly
How to brush your teeth with an electric toothbrush?
The most common mistakes when brushing your teeth

Regular and correct brushing helps remove more than 60% of plaque and protects gum health. At the same time, dentists note that many people do not properly care for the oral cavity, which increases the risk of developing caries, periodontitis, and other dental diseases. It is important not only to brush your teeth properly twice a day but also to do it according to all the rules.

How long should I brush my teeth?

According to the recommendations of dentists, you need to brush your teeth for at least two minutes, evenly distributing this time between the four quadrants of the mouth. 30 seconds for each half of the lower and upper jaw. If you use a regular brush, an hourglass or a timer on your mobile phone will help you control the cleaning time. Electric brush users are assisted by a built-in timer that emits a short vibration or musical signal every 30 seconds and a long signal – two minutes after the start of the procedure.

With a cleaning time of two minutes, plaque, food debris and other contaminants can be thoroughly removed. But the experience of doctors shows that many people strive to complete the cleaning faster. As a result, unremoved dental plaque remains on the enamel surface, which contributes to the multiplication of microbes, the development of caries and gum pathologies.

If you want to avoid such problems, you should not shorten the time of the hygiene procedure – you need to brush your teeth for at least two minutes.

Which brush should you use?

Both conventional and electric toothbrushes are suitable for cleaning teeth . The first ones are distinguished by a low price, are available to absolutely everyone, and are suitable for children under three years old. Electric effects on dirt in the oral cavity more intensively, remove more plaque, better clean the interdental spaces, but they are not recommended for children under three years of age and for some diseases.

When choosing any brush – regular or electric – you need to take into account the age, condition of the teeth, and gums. Children choose brushes with ultra-soft short bristles with rounded tips that will not scratch the delicate enamel of children and injure delicate gums. Adults with sensitive teeth are advised to choose a soft-bristled brush. For those who have healthy teeth and gums and do not have a strong plaque, medium-hard bristles are suitable. To combat strong plaque and tartar, choose hard and very hard brushes. An important condition is that the bristles must be synthetic. It has a softer effect on the gums, dries faster, and bacteria accumulate in it much more slowly. It is good if the brush has a non-slip rubberized handle. Such models lie well in the hand and are comfortable to use, especially for children.

Any brush should be replaced quarterly. The usual one is changed entirely; for electrical replacement, removable nozzles are subject to.

Which paste to choose?

To brush your teeth, a toothbrush is not enough, you need to choose the right paste . Firstly, it prevents scratching of enamel and gum surfaces, softening the effects of bristles and increasing user comfort. Secondly, good pastes, due to special components and abrasives, soften and mechanically remove plaque, it becomes easier to remove it with a brush. Thirdly, they contain substances that help to strengthen the enamel, prevent bleeding gums, and have a therapeutic effect on the oral cavity.

A paste with a firming effect should contain fluoride; people with sensitive gums are usually prescribed pastes with anti-inflammatory components. For those who do not have dental problems, hygienic pastes are suitable – they do not have a therapeutic effect, but only help to remove plaque and deodorize the oral cavity to ensure fresh breath.

Brush your teeth correctly with a toothbrush and a little paste. For adults, 1 cm is enough for one cleaning, for children 4-6 years old – one pea, and for children 2-3 years old – an amount of paste the size of a grain of rice. Too much paste cannot be used because an excess of active ingredients can harm the teeth. In particular, an excess of fluorides can lead to the development of such a pathological condition as fluorosis, in which dark spots and stripes appear on the teeth.

We brush our teeth with a regular brush correctly

Stick to the following algorithm: 

Position the brush head at a 45 degree angle to the surface of your teeth.
Begin brushing from the outer surface of the lower arch, moving from the outermost teeth to the central ones. Remove dirt and plaque with a sweeping motion from the gum to the edge of the tooth. When finished with the outer surface, use the same sweeping motion to clean the inner side.
Treat the teeth of the upper jaw in the same way.
To clean the chewing surfaces, position the brush so that it covers the entire chewing side of the tooth. Clean it in a back and forth motion, moving from one tooth to another. Perform the procedure alternately for the upper and lower jaw.
Massage your gums. To do this, close your jaws and brush in a circular motion over the surface of the teeth and gums.

Brush your tongue. With the back, raised side of the brush or bristles, slowly brush from the root to the tip of the tongue, removing plaque. Repeat at least four times. In the same way, the inner surface of the cheeks should be cleaned of plaque.
Rinse out your mouth.
Use dental floss to remove food debris and better clean the interdental spaces . Wind a small section around your fingertips and run it up and down several times. Be careful not to damage your gums.
For better cleaning of interdental spaces, gingival pockets, care of crowns or braces, use an irrigator .

How to brush your teeth with an electric toothbrush?

The scheme for brushing your teeth with an electric toothbrush differs from the usual manual brushing. The electric brushes have a built-in motor, and the sound and ultrasonic models also have a high frequency generator. They cause high-frequency pulsation of the bristles, the movement of the cleaning head, due to which cleaning occurs.

The user does not need to press on the toothbrush, make sweeping or circular movements, because the electric model copes with these tasks on its own. To brush your teeth, you need to moisten the bristles, apply a little toothpaste to it, place the brush in your mouth, turn it on and simply move it without pressure and unnecessary movements from one tooth to another.

Note that the cleaning technique may differ depending on the type of electric brush (rotary, sonic, ultrasonic ). Therefore, the exact way of correct use should be read in the instructions for the specific model before the first use.

The most common mistakes when brushing your teeth
Are Your Kids Making One of These 10 Common Tooth Brushing Mistakes? -  Southdaviskids

Skipping the evening cleaning.
Some people find it sufficient to brush their teeth once a day – in the morning when they go to work. It is not right. Little saliva is produced at night, so food debris is washed off the surface of the teeth, and bacteria actively multiply in them. They produce acids that damage teeth and gases that cause unpleasant odors.

Rare brush replacement.
Over time, the bristles wear out and cleaning is no longer effective. In addition, over time, even synthetic bristles accumulate germs, so it is important to change the brush or attachment every three months.

Too much pressure.
Brushing your teeth with a regular brush requires moderate pressure, otherwise you can damage the enamel and gums. The electric brush practically does not need to be pressed, it is only slightly pressed against the surface of the teeth.